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What Is the Meaning of IRAC?


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I: Issue

 ‘Issue’ refers to the current legal case. Define it clearly, identify the persons involved, and offer relevant context.

R: Rule

This element denotes the legal rule(s) that apply in the matter under consideration.

A: Analysis

This is when the rule of law is applied to the circumstances of the case. Your analysis should incorporate the “solution” or explanation of the applicable statutes and case laws. It doesn’t harm to include a few as long as they’re relevant.

C: Conclusion

Your legal analysis is summarized in the conclusion. Remember to conclude on a strong note while being factual.

Considerations for Applying the IRAC Method

We’ll go through each of these in further depth. But first, examine the following aspects of legal writing:

  • Students have a tendency to let their thoughts run wild or to cut their thoughts short. Keep it brief. If a sentence isn’t necessary for clarification, it shouldn’t be included.
  • Remember, you want to be a lawyer, not a writer. Stick to the facts, keep it short and to the point. It’s pointless if there’s no point.
  • When preparing legal memoranda and briefs, the questions of who, what, when, where, why, and how are always essential. And, while they are not formally covered in IRAC, they are as vital.
  • Always check your facts twice. There’s a reason the job title “fact-checker” exists. Unfortunately, not all attorneys have that luxury, especially when they are just getting their feet wet in the sea of rules and legal jargon. Before submitting your documents, properly read and reread them.
  • Check for grammatical and punctuation mistakes while you’re at it. Spelling and grammar are just as crucial as knowing the difference between an intentional tort and carelessness.

Finally, but never the least,

The Conclusion is perhaps every lawyer’s favorite portion of the IRAC because it indicates they’re almost done writing! This is where you summarize the totality of your legal findings, just like every other high school and college essay you’ve ever written.

Your conclusion should be no more than a paragraph long and should discuss the legal problem one more time. If there are many issues, be certain that each one is addressed. The conclusion should also include the anticipated judicial verdict.


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